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The Parkha are the Eight Trigrams of Tibetan Astrology:  On this page is both an introduction and a translation of Parkha interpretations from the White Emerald text of Desi Sangye Gyatso, the regent of the Vth Dalai Lama.

Each person is born under the influence of a particular Parkha and this also changes during life and unfolds in a manner similar to the element combinations.

Introduction to Parkha
by Tsering Dolma

The Elemental astrology was originated in China.  During the 1st Fung Dynasty (Chinese History), in 3477 B.C. A person called ‘Bangs we Zhang Zhi (bangey shangshi) who found a Golden coloured tortoise from the South Ocean which had the 8 parkha and all the symbol of the astrological system.  So, he offered it to the King, Spa Hu Hshi rDhi).  On this basis, the King elaborated the astrological system of the Parkha and Mewa in relationship to the cyles of years.  He examined and observed the Cosmic Turtle for the 1st time and as a result he intuited the symbols of the 8 parkha.
However, some people says that the turtle was found during the 3rd Fung Dynasty, some says 4th Dhi dynasty.

According to the Chinese Buddhism, it said that during the 3rd Fung dynasty, the knowledge on astrology had greatly developed.

In ancient time, Chinese people knew that strength of the external, internal and secret symbol of parkha and used to learn wrathful activities by looking at the Parkha.  Parkha also had direction strength, colour strength etc.

After translating Chinese astro. into Tibetan.  Tibetan people started using the symbol of parkha.  Though the strength of parkha which was using in ancient time by Chinese people were not practising today.  However, people are using this symbol as a protection from bad sadak, evil spirit and harm element.  Example, today Tibetan people use the Thangka of protection while shifting there house, during Wedding ceremony and even death.

Parkha are formed with two different diagrams which were use in both Chinese and Tibetan.  According to Bekar (Tib. Astro. Text) said, Khen Sky has the nature of Method and Male, whereas Khon Earth has the nature of Wisdom and Female.
In Chinese use the (  ) Yang and (     ) Yang.  The symbol of those two signifies, White/Black, Hot/Cold, Male/Female, Sky/Earth etc respectively.

The eight diagrams or parkha represented by the name of elements.  Each of the 9 Mewa numbers corresponds to a trigrams.  According to Tibetan Astrology, all material on this Earth are composed of five elements Wood, fire, earth , iron and water.  These elements can be further classified either into seven or eight elements.  Wood, fire, water, iron , space, wind and mountain.  When we add the earth element to the above list, then it becomes eight element.  The process of bringing together these eight into the five elements involves combining space and iron, likewise, wind with wood and mountain falls under the earth element.  However, in this system parkha,, space mountain and wind are brought under earth element, i.e., due to the actual position of the eight elements.

SOUTH:  The number is 9, corresponds to the fire element.  Its trigram is called LI
NORTH:  The number is 1, correspond to water element and the trigram is KHAM
EAST:  The number is 3, correspond to Wood element and parkha or trigrams is ZIN
WEST:  The number is 7, to the metal element and trigrams.
The intermediate points contain the numbers 2,4,6 and 8 which correspond to four different aspects of the element earth (Earth, sky, mountain plain -wind) Kon, Khen, Zon and Zin.
The trigrams consisting of three lines and it is given in figure.  Individually they are name, Earth, Iron, Space, Water, Fire, Mountain, Wood and Wind.

               Zon                   Li                 Khon

               Zin                                        Da

               Gin                  Kham            Khen

a translation from the Vaidurya Karpo
[please bear with spelling and grammatical mistakes- still editing]

The following interpretations may at one time seem quite mysterious and illusive, at others quite severe.  We urge you to read these thru the eyes of the astrologer who is not taking literal meanings but is interpreting and combining these into an overall interpretation.  Astrologicval pracice is not merely learning texts but is a skill developed and honed over many years of experience.  They were not originally published in Tibetan in a do it yourself book on astrology but rather in the great texts of Desi who compiled Tibetan astrology and Medicine in the 17th CE.

  • LI



    This is the place of sword and singe-ing [the place of complete destruction]. If the person is born in this year, by nature he will be of large views. He will have interest in slanders and will also take over the position of his father or of his brother in law. He will suffer from a false charge.

    Physically he will suffer from an illness related to his head or brain and to his sensory organs.

    If the person is a man, there will be danger of being killed. Since his father's and his grandfather's time the big blade of the sword has been drawn. Consequently, many persons in his generation, past or future, were or will be killed by sword, especially through injury on the head.

    If the person is a woman, she will lose her partner, will conceive a bastard and get much misfortune. For both man and woman, because of singeing and grudge, Devas and Nagas will be driven away and this will cause viral diseases (gnyen-nad) and possibly handicapped children.

    When grandparents were in the maximum developing time, the family split into four or five groups. A wrathful cemetery and a death place are facing to the west and south.

    He will get a protection from King spirit, Mountain dwelling spirit, and bDud spirits but hGong-po will provoke him. If the person gets a provocation from Sadak spirits, it will be hard to overcome this.

  • KHON



    This is called the place of cemetery spirits and errors in the cemetary. If the person was born in this parkha, because his past grandparents made an error in the performance of burial ceremonies, it will bring unfriendliness with Nagas and also dumbness, limping, or mutism in his descendants and heritage and any of these facts will be the cause of his death.

    His close parents have instable properties. He is of stable mind and therefore he will change it with difficulty. He will be of bed temper and easy to curse. Always having a grudge and suffering from minor diseases. He will have difficulty to grow up his child or there may be a separation of the couple. He speaks gently, but with strong exaggeration and sometimes he is furiously aggressive. He should always pay attention to negative energies like dead bodies or wedding parties. The early part of his life will be rich but the latter part will be the opposite.

    The colour of his village or of the place where he lives and of his cemetery is light yellow. This place is closed by a river in a valley. His more favourable protectors are Nak-mook and Naga-sMan . Sadak and Lu-mo spirits can make a provocation.

  • DA



    This parkha is called the place of fratricide by sword. If the person was born in this parkha, he and his relatives will be killed due to negative planning among relatives, because his ancestors had been guilty of fratricide. The whole picture of his life is like having to take care and to grow up other people's orphans instead of his own ones. Similarly, he will need to face a problem which is not what he really wishes: a fratricide, which he does not want and wishes, he will be forced to perform. Some of his relatives or a member of his family will die while travelling, as a result of a provocation from a spirit following an armour decorated with a turquoise.

    His village and cemetery are facing to the west or to the north with yellow or black color. He will possess little property. He will be of good heart, but will be nervous and will produce agitation. He will not have a tricky mind and will make a little but reasonable profit. Physically he will be active, strong and skillful. He will be brave and suitable for higher education. Either male or female, he can equally conduct the house.

    He will pronounce perjuries towards an uncle from his mother's side. Land and property will be instable. In the last he will die by strong pain or under a knife. A bTsan is his

    protector. A De-bo will provoke him.

  • KHEN



    This is the place called the place of limping and cripples. If the person was born in this parkha, his past generations must have suffered from limping, cripple or bending of the body together with dumbness and mutism. He will get many enemies and will need to change the place where he lives and his life will oscillate between happiness and sorrow.

    He is the second or the fourth generation of a branch from his original family and the number of his family members is stable. His village and cemetery are facing towards west and north with a red or a yellow color. He is strongly egoistic and highly ambitious. He puts great effort into his work, but he receives only little appreciation from other people. He will be a wise man, who can judge the cause of happiness and sorrow of his life. He will be hard for his father and uncle.

    Gong-po will protect him and king spirit will provoke him.

  • KHAM



    This is called the place of dirt, contamination and of changing into negative. If the person was born in this parkha, either his ancestors' hand [power] got lost to others or in the other way. Either his ancestors made bastards or their sons or sisters, by means of black-colored things coming from the negativity of sterile people, will become superior than their parents. Also, wife will possibly separate from their husbands.

    He is the fourth or fifth generation branch of his original family, therefore his heritors will be of strong character. The place where he lives and his cemetery are facing towards north or east with a white or a black color. The black color also appears from his heart, therefore, there will be many sufferings in his life.

    He has a sharp nose, but has difficulty to make contacts. Outside his family he appears to be gentle and kind but inside he is easy to create problems. He is highly ambitious and always rigid, tight in himself. He will probably get a child outside his family.

    He will be protected by a white female Naga Spirit, or by a Mount dwelling spirit or a Mamo. He will get provocation from a bSen-mo.

  • GIN



    This is called the place of singeing where a Sadak resides. If the person was born in this parkha, he himself and his descendants will suffer from a sword.  Either his ancestors died by Leprosy or other viral infections or his family will probably die by sword because other people has negatively contaminated his family by singeing. On the other side, his descendants could become well learned religious practitioners of Buddhism or Bon.. His descendants or his ancestors will have or had two or three generations. His cemetery is facing towards north or east.

    By nature, his character is of stable mind and difficult to be influenced by other people. He will be tight-lipped, lazy and apt to keep his word. His generation will get only one single child. By nature he is careful in minor deeds but rough in important works.

    Wrathful War God and the lord of dead  will protect him and Sadak and Sadhel will provoke him.

  • ZIN



    This is the place of the sterile and low-cast spirit. The provocation starts from the ancestors, who were always suffering from different kinds of sterility, typhoid fevers and fratricides. Because of having cut down dangerous trees his ancestors suffered from some throat illness and other problems closely related to the wood.

    His descendants will be either one or three children. From his house a very energetic and powerful person who will work for the cause of people could originate. His cemetery is facing towards south-east, having a green or a blue color. He himself will have a slightly blue colored complexion. He will be good in telling lies, tricky, clever and impostor, he can steal the other's mind. He will be rich and powerful and a good son. He is the son of a strong father but will lose money and properties very easily. He is of rough behaviour within his family but gentle outside.

    Naga , bDud and Yul-bDag spirits will protect him. He will get a  provocation from a rMang-hDre.

  • ZON



    This is the place called the place of the rBad-hDre, Naga and gNyan provocation.

    Because his father or ancestors held a grudge against their master, he can get harm from rBad-hDre, Naga and Sadak spirits. As a consequence of this provocation he will suffer from craziness or deep depression or he will die suicide or by knife. Without choice he has to leave the country and possibly will die during the journey.

    Among his ancestors, he possesses two or four grandfathers, but his descendants will be few. His cemetery is facing South-East or South and is also facing a mountain.

    As a result of his personality, he will love to insult other people, strongly jealous and competitive with friends and the protectors od his own cowntry will be nervous. His work an d mind will both be great but he will like to show-o.~.

    A sMan-mo will protect him and king spirit and gong-po will provoke him. Finally he will die by a sudden disease.