This method is the official system of His Holiness the Dalai Lama,
and is not a creation based upon speculation. It represents the basis
for further specialised calculations. Here you may appreciate why
the major task in training of a Tibetan Astrologer is calculation.

THE TEN STEPS FOR THE FIVE PLANETS (mars jup venus merc sat)

1. zla dag

2. spyi zhag (GENERAL DAY)

3. sgos zhag

4. dal bar of three wrathful planets

5. rkang ‘zin of two peaceful planets

6. zhi dal drag rkan -or- nyi bar of solar day

7. dal rkang

8. dal dag (rang ‘gros - self movement)

9. myur rkang

10. myur dag

FOR THE SUN AND MOON

1. ‘das lo - (the bygone year)

2. zla dag - (completed month)

3. gza’ dru - (root of planet)

4. nyi dru - (root of sun)

5. ril cha - (full and partial)

6. gza’ bar

7. gza’ phey dag

8. nyi bar

9. gza’ dag

10. nyi dag

11. zla skar (moon constellation)

12. sbyor ba

13. byed pa

= sun and moon positions

THE CALCULATION OF DACHEN: (dachen rtsis)

1. zla dag

2. spyi zhag

3. rza ba (root of dachen)

4. Constellation of the head (dachen gdong)

5. Constellation of the tail (dachen mjug)

In this section we provide an example of the stages in calculating
the Kar Tsee horoscope as it is nowadays prepared by Men Tsee Khang astrologers,
using the Tibetan almanac. The almanac is calculated directly from
astronomical principles. Similar to the western method of using
an ephemeris to calculate a chart, the almanac is the primary reference
book for palnetary positions etc. Tibetan almanacs are in short supply
and for several years there was no almanac (lo tho) published. In
those cases the calculation of the birth chart must follow the arduous
path of calculation from first principles.

These calculaitons are done in a traditonal fixed format for which a special calculation sand tray board is used. This is called a sa gzhong lit. wooden board. This board is suitable for the format of calcualtions and Tibetan astrologers have a saying that if you have good practice they you can calculate faster using the sa gzhong than an electronic calculator.

Calculations are of two types called:

a. Siddhanta system (dub pa)

this type of calculation can be termed the full tenet system and calculations
are made from first principles of Kalacakra astronomy.

b. Karana system (byed pa)

this type of calculation can be termed the precise system (or shortened
system) because it requires less calculation time.

the difference between the two systems is that in the dub pa system
the weekday result is more accurate and in the byed pa system the rgyu
skar is more accurate. For eclipses the byed pa system is employed.
Therefore to calculate the almanac both systems are utilised.

In Ladakh and Spiti the almanac is calculated using only the byed pa
system, but at MTK both systems are used. For the calculation of
horoscopes the dub pa system is the one most frequently engaged, as it
is most importatn to find the daily planet ie weekday.

Name: Person

Birth date: June 3rd 1999

Time of birth: 9.30 am

Gender: Female

Place of birth: Dharamsala, INDIA.

1. The first step is to calculate the 5 inclusive calendar features
(lnga bdus- lit. 5 collect)

In our example these are:

a. First find the ‘das lo (bygone years) from 1987 fire rabbit
year to the birth date; The Kalacakra Era of Tibet was 1027 and marked
the commencement of a new series of 60 cycles called (rab jung) therefore
we are currently in the 17th Rab jung which commenced in 1987.

thus in our example this is 12 years from 1987.

then multipy the ‘das lo by 12 [for the 12 zodiac signs in each year
(Khyim)]

therefore

12X12=144

then add the bygone year from Tibetan 3rd month (due to Kalacakra new
year being in Tib 3rd month) the kalcakra year is always commencing
when its the 15th of 3rd month. usually during Aries.

our example date is Tib 19th day of 4th month of earth rabbit year.
Therefore we need to add one month (sign) to the above figure

thus

144+1= 145.

Now we place the sum of this calculation into two rows as follows

145

145

the bottom row is multiplied by 2.

145

145X2= 290 (due to the change from solar day to lunar day)

then add zero because our example occurs in the 13th rab jung of 1987 starting from 1987 fire rabbit there is no remaining year (rtsis ‘phro). After every cycle of 60 years the method of calcualtion must change otherwise the results will become innnacurate. If the person was born in the 16 rabjung then 55 is added.

table may be inserted here for addings and subtractions for previous rabjungs

145

145X2= 290+0=290

our result is of 290 is divided by 65 because>

Note: after every 32.5 lunar months there will be an intercalary month
(zla bshol - lit-extra month) later to get explantion form Tserings notes.

290/65= 4 (quotient )and remainder 30

then add these as follows

145 + quotient ie 145+4= 149 and 30 rem written like this>>

149 (this is called the zla dag - clear month)

30 (this is called the zla ‘phro - remaining month)

now put the zla dag in five rows with space in between

149

149

149

149

149

then multiply the first row by the following five constants

which are

1

31

50

0

480

therefore

149 X 1 = 149

149 X 31 = 4619

149 X 50 = 7450

149 X 0 = 0

149 X 480 = 71520

then add the following constants

3

11

27

2

332

149 X 1 = 149 + 3 = 152

149 X 31 = 4619 + 11 = 4630

149 X 50 = 7450 + 27 = 7477

149 X 0 = 0 + 2 = 2

149 X 480 = 71520 + 332 = 71852

then divide by the constants

note when dividing the Tibetan rule is always do from bottom to top.

7

60

60

6

707

thus

149 X 1 = 149 + 3 = 152 + 79 = 231 / 7 = 33 rem 0

149 X 31 = 4619 + 11 = 4630 + 124 = 4754 / 60 = 79 rem 14

149 X 50 = 7450 + 27 = 7477 + 17 = 7494 / 60 = 124 rem 54

149 X 0 = 0 + 2 = 2 + 101 = 103 / 6 = 17 rem 1

149 X 480 = 71520 + 332 = 71852 / 707 = 101 rem 445

important note always the quotient moves upwards to be later added and the remainder is kept in the same row.

after this calculation we have the final results of gza dru (lit
root of the weekday) as below

=========

gza dru results are:

0

14

54

1

445

=================

next step is to find the suns position.

now we have to find the nyi dru (root of the sun) to find the sun’s position in the zodiac.

take the zla dag (in our example 149) and place in five rows

149

149

149

149

149

then multiply by top to bottom by the constants

2

10

58

1

17

thus

149 X 2 = 298

149 X 10 = 1490

149 X 58 = 8642

149 X 1 = 149

149 X 17 = 2533

Then sometimes an addition of constants is used however in this rab jung since 1987 there is no addition required due to nyima stong bzhuhs (sun empty enter) so therefore we move staight onto division of the following constants

27

60

60

6

67

thus

149 X 2 = 298 + 27 = 325 / 27 = 12 rem 1

149 X 10 = 1490 + 144 = 1634 / 60 = 27 rem 14

149 X 58 = 8642 + 31 = 8673 / 60 = 144 rem 33

149 X 1 = 149 + 37 = 186 / 6 = 31 rem 0

149 X 17 = 2533 / 67 = 37 rem 54

now nyi dru results are as follows

1

14

33

0

54

========

the next step is ril cha -ril bu means full cha means partial of he
ril bu

Take the zla dag in our example this is 149

then place it in two rows

149

149

then multiply by the constants

2

1

thus

149x2= 298

149x 1= 149

then add the constants

21

90

thus

149x2= 298 + 21 = 319

149x 1= 149 + 90 = 239

then divide by the constants remember to start at bottom and add upwards

28

126

thus

149x2= 298 + 21 = 319 + 1 = 320 /28 = 11 rem 12

149x 1= 149 + 90 = 239 / 126 = 1 rem 113

thus the result for ril cha is

12

113

which is the same as in the almanac (insert example here in picture)

========

Now arrage the numbers in a diagram format in the following manner

upper

zla dag

left side right side

zla dru nyi du

lower

ril cha

therefore in our example we have as the table below

*********

Thus we have the table as appears for the month in the almanac

now we must calculate the lnga bdus by the follwoing method>

take the gza dru and add the rtag long of the gza (gza ‘rtag long) then divide by each of the days hours minutes etc

then from this we gza bar

our gza dru is

0

14

54

1

445

then we find the rtag long of the 19th day in our example

which is found in the table of connstants for each day of the lunar
month

4

42

9

4

304

insert the rtag long table form page 64-5 tse nams book

added together

0 + 4 = 4

14 + 42 = 56

54 + 9 = 63

1 + 4 = 5

445 + 304 = 749

now divide by the constants (‘khor lo)

7

60

60

6

707

thus (starting at the bottom)

0 + 4 = 4 + 0 = 4/ 7 = 0 rem 4

14 + 42 = 56 + 1 =57 /60= 0 rem 57

54 + 9 = 63 + 1 = 64 /60 = 1 rem 4

1 + 4 = 5 + 1 = 6 /6 = 1 rem 0

445 + 304 = 749/707 = 1 rem 42

therefore the result is called gza bar which for our example is

4

57

4

0

42

=======

next to calculate the gza phyed dag (half weekday calc) but before
we can calculate this we need to calculate zla rkang

therefore before we proceed we have to calculate our zla rkang as follows

for the zla rkang we take the ril cha put in 2 rows

12 ie ril bu

113 ie cha shas

add the day of the Tibetan date of example (ie the 19th day) at ril bu

in our example this is 12

so

12 plus 19 = 31

then divide by constant 14 (due to point of waxing and waning)

31 / 14 = 2 rem 3

when the quotient is 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 ie odd numbers then it is unequal
and we have to subtract later

when the quoient is 2,4,6,8, and even numbers which is equal then we
have to add later

next we refer to the table with remaining number (zla rkang rei’
mig - table fo the moon full pg. 59)

then find the rkang sdom () for the rem number in the table which in
this example is 15

then multiply by rkang bzung (note that in the table the rkang bzung
is the number diagonally below the row of the key figure see table below)

eg.

which in the example the table gives 4.

place the rkang sdom at the side thus

15

the important numbers now are the (derived from ril bu)

rkang sdom = 15

rkang bzung = 4

no further need for the rkang ‘zin (3)

Now we multiply the cha shas by the rkang bzung which in our example
is 4.

thus

cha shas 113 X 4 = 452

then divide by the constant for all rab jung c=126

113 X 4 = 452 / 126 = 3 rem 74

then put the quotient below the rkang dom

thus

15 (rkang sdom)

3 (quotient) (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

then multiply the remainder by constant 60

thus

74X60= 4440

then eivide by constant 126

thus 4440 / 126 = 35 rem 30

this quotient (ie 35) write it below the yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod

15 (rkang sdom)

3 (quotient) (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

35 (yang rgyu’ srang)

now multiply the rem (ie in this case 30) by constant 6 to find the
dbugs (ie seconds)

30 X 6 = 180

then divide by 126

30 X 6 = 180/126 =1 rem 54

then put the quotient below the yang rgyu’ srang

thus

15 (rkang sdom)

3 (quotient) (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

35 (yang rgyu’ srang)

1 (dbugs)

with the remainded (ie 54) multiply by the constant 707

54X707 = 38178

divide by constant 126

thus

54X707 = 38178 / 126 = 303 rem 0

if the answer is correct the remainder is always zero- if there is any
remainder at this point of the calculation then a mistake in calculation
has been made. the remainder has to be placed under the previous
figures.

15 (rkang sdom)

3 (quotient) (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

35 (yang rgyu’ srang)

1 (dbugs)

303 (cha shas)

with the table of zla rkang you will find that from 1 to 7 is the snga
rkang (like early foot ) from 8 to 14 is bhyi rkang (late foot).

NB IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO NOW THAT the rkang bzung of the rkang
‘zin is diagonally below since the rkang bzung of 7 is phyi rkang and not
snga rkang

A special rule if our answer is snga rkang then we have to add the rkang sdom to yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod. A special rule if our answer is phyi rkang then we have to subtract the rkang sdom from yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod.

in our example we have snga rkang and add those two numbers ie 15 and 3 which now equals 18

15 (rkang sdom)

3 (quotient) (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

35 (yang rgyu’ srang)

1 (dbugs)

303 (cha shas)

therefore

15 +3 = 18 which is the final yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod

thus it comes like

18 (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

35 (yang rgyu’ srang)

1 (dbugs)

303 (cha shas)

now we have zla rkang so we can now proceed with the gza phyed dag (half
weekday calc)

to do this take the gza bar calculated previoously and add or subtract (according to the previously described odd and even numbers rule) the zla rkang (motion of moon )

thus

gza bar for our example is

4

57

4

0

42

becuase the quotient is 2 (ril bu plus date of example divided by constant 14 eg. 12 + 19 = 31 / 14 = 2 rem 3 (ie the quotient is 2 therefore add ) we add the zla rkang to gza bar

thus in our example gzar bar is

4

57

4

0

42

and zla rkang is

18 (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

35 (yang rgyu’ srang)

1 (dbugs)

303 (cha shas)

so we add together (easiest in this calculation to add bottom to top
becuase full units may be transposed upwards)

4

57

4

0

42

18 (yang dag rgyu’ chu tsod)

35 (yang rgyu’ srang)

1 (dbugs)

303 (cha shas)

4 + the transposed 1 from below => 4+1=5

57+18 = 75 (here divide by 60 => 1 rem 15, so 1 transposes upward)

4+35= 39

0+1= 1

42 + 303 = 345

therefore our results are

5

15

39

1

345

which is call gza phyed dag and therefore at this point we have
completed the half weekday calculation.

To make a nyi bar, one must take the nyi dru and add it with the nyi
mai rtag longs.

1+1=2

14+22=37

33+56=30

0+5=0

54+13=0

Then,take the nyi bar which we did before and place it into two
columns.

Our nyi bar is

2-6 = 27+2=29-6=22
2

37-45= 60+37=97-45=52 37

30 30

0 0

0 0

Substract the 6, 30 from one of the nyi bar, if you are unable to substract
from the nyi bar then add 27 at constellation and substract it.

3-6, for this example, we could not able to substract it. So
add 27+ 3= 30-6= 24 for constellation and substract the below number by
45. For this again we could not, then , take one down from constellation(24)
which becomes 23 and 1 constellation is 60 hours accoridng to astronomical
hours. 60+ 37=97-45=52

Now we have:

22

52

30

0

0

Then, divide the first two column by 13, 30.

22/13=1 rem 10

52/30=22

30

0

0

When you could divide the 13, 30 after substracting by 6, 45 then ,
it is called dor. And multiply the remaining number of constellation
by 60 and add hours( which is 22 in our example) and divide by 135
then, we could find the nyi rkang.

9x60=540+22(hours)=562/135=4 rem

2(4 is rkang ‘zin in this calculatin, the rkang sdom is 10 and the rkang
bzung is 4. Then multipy the rkang bzung all the four i.e. hours
to partial.

nyi rkang

10 rkang sdom

22x4=88

30x4=120

0x4=0

0x4=0

Then divide by constant wheel which is 60, 6, 67(from down to top)

88+2=90 /135= 0 rem 90

120/60=2 rem 0

0

0

Nyi rkang

10 rkang sdom

0 chu tsod

40

0

0

If it is sNga rkang then add and if it is phyi rkang then you have to substract the nyi rkang from rkang sdom to yang dang rgyui chu tsod.

Let’s say, here our example , the rkang sdom is 10 and chutso is 55 and it is phyi rkang, So we have to substract it from rkang sdom to cha shas.

10

0

40

0

0

10-o=10, 9

60-40=20

0

0

Therefore, our nyi rkang is :

9

20

0

0

0

Now, we have to add these numbers to the gza phyed dag and nyi bar to find out the fully gza and nyi dag.

Our nyi bar is

2

37+9=46

30+20=50

0

0

Nyi dag is:

2

46

50

0

0

That means that the sun is in Taurus<

To make a gZa dag.

First take the gZa phyed dag and add the nyi rkang on it which becomes
gZa dag.

gZa phyed dag plus nyi rkang = gZa dag.

5=5

15+9=24

39+20=59

1+0=1

345+0=345

Therefore, our gZa dag is

4(Wednesday).

24(hours)

59(minutes)

1(second)

345(Chashas)

Now find the moon constellation:

First take the nyi dag and place it into two like that.
Add one of nyi dag with the unique constant of the moon(zla bai mthun min
rtag longs) which we call tses ‘khyud.

2 2

46 46

50 50

Let’s add the rtag longs of our example dated 19th. (Table tsenam
page 61)

2+17=19

46+6=52

50

Therefore, our tses ‘khyud is:

19

52

50

0

0

To make a res grogs zla skar, substract the hours, minutes, second etc
from tses which makes res grogs:

Tses khyud

19

52

50

0

0

The hours , minutes, seconds of the weekday is :

24

59

0

0

Let’s substract:

19

52-24=27

50-59=51

0=0

0=0

Therefore, the moon constellation are:

19

27

51

0

0

The fourth calcualtion of the five inclusive calendar feature is sbyor
ba wich is the fourth line in the almanac.

This is the easiest method of calcualting, add the nyidag and the moon
conselation which is sbyor ba.

Nyidag + Moon Constellation = sbyor ba

2+19=22

46+27=14

50+50=40

Therefore the sbyor ba of our exaple is :

22

14

40

The three days are Solar, lunar and zodiac days. Among these three days, for the five inclusive calendars features are important for lunar days whereas solar day are important for the movement of five planets.

gZa Moon constellation Nyi dag sbyor ba

5
19
2
22

24
27
46
14

59
50
50
40

1
0
0
0

345
0
0
0

RAPID CALCULATION OF THE FIVE INCLUSIVE CALENDAR FEATURES:

Ist steps:

Add any date of your example to the nyi dru and substract
the nyi rags which makes the phyed dag reu mig.

IInd steps:

The way of making gza phyed dag and nyi dag:

After finding the phyed reu mig, add the spyi nor of the gza and nyima
which becomes gza phyed dag and nyi dag.

IIIrd steps:

The formula of making gza dag:

Take the rilbu and add any date of your example then divide by 14 ,and
look whether the quotion is odd or even.

And use the table by the remaing numbers, and add or substract with
the hyed dag gza which becomes the full gza or gza dag.

Then rest of the calculation are same as before.

CALCULATION OF THE FIVE PLANETS(gZA lNga):

Example:

1994, 3rd month of 8th day to the Tibetan lunar calendar:

Ist make the spyi zhag( lit. general days)

We already the know calculation of zla dag and multiply the zla
dag by 30.

Let’s do the same example of zla dag 86 x30= 2580(This means the day
of month are changed into the days.

IInd

Turn the lunar day to solar days:

add any date to the above numbers, lets say “8” which becomes

2580+8=2588

After adding the date, place it into three rows and add the 51 and
551 to the middle and last rows , then divide by 707 and 64 to bottom to
top.

2588-41=2547

2588+51=2639+4=2643 /64= 41rem 19

2588+551=3131/707=4 rem 311

This is called unclear day( Mi gsel zhag).

2547

19

311

To make a clear day or gsel zhag.

Take the spyi zhag or general day and place it into two rows, then
add 3 to one row and divide by 7 and compare the remaining number to weekday.
If it is less than the weekday add one, it is more than week than substract
one. Let’s take an example, if the weekday is Saturday and your remaing
number is 6(friday) then add. Then if your remaining number is 0
or Sunday then substract one.

2547+3=2550/7=364 rem 2

The weekday on the following example day is Tuesday and we have gotten the Monday which is 2. So we have to add one to those three rows because it is less than the weekday.

2547+1=2548

19+1=20

311+1=312

This is called gsel zhag(clear day)

Now calculation of the sGos zhag or private day.

Take the general day which is 2547 and place it into 6, then add some
constant number of each planets and divide by their own constant wheel
or cycle:

Mars

2547+115=2662/687=3 rem 601, remember the remaining number is the sgos zhag.

Jupiter

2547+4246=6893/4332=1 rem 2461

Saturn

2547+6696=9243/10766=0 rem 9243

Mercury

2547x100=254700+8386=263086/8797=29 rem 7973

Venus

2547x10=25470+1762=27232/2247=12 rem 268

Sun(nyi mai sgos zhag mang ba)

2547x18382=46818954+14872=46833826/6714405=6 rem 6547396

To make less nyi mai sgos zhag(nyi mai sgos zhag nyung ba)

Take the nyi sgos mang ba and divide by 18382 and the remaining will
be the nyi sgos:

6547396/18382=356 rem 3404

Table:

Mars Jup Sat
Mer Ven Sun(more)
Sun(less)

601 2461 9243
7973 268 6547396
3404

Calculation of the three wrathful planets of dal bar and rkang ‘zin of two peace planets.

Dal bar of the three wrathful planets:

Take the sgos zhag of each planet and place it into 6 rows and multiply
by 27, 60,69,6, and their own chashas(229-mars, 361-Jupiter, 5383-Saturn)
then divide by their constant cycle.

MARS:

601x27=16227/687=23 rem 426

426x60=25560/687=37 rem 141

141x60=8460/687=12 rem 216

216x6=1296/687=1 rem 609

609x229=139461/687=203 rem 0

The dalbar of Mars is

23

37

12

1

203

JUPITER:

2461x27=66447/4332=15 rem 1467

1467x60=88020/4332=20 rem 1380

1380x60=82800/4332=19 rem 492

492x6=2952/4332=0 rem 2952

2952x361=1065672/4332=246 rem 0

The dal bar of Jupiter is

15

20

19

0

246

SATURN:

9243X27=249561/10766=23 rem 1943

1943X60=116580/10766=10 rem 8920

8920x60=535200/10766=49 rem 7666

7666x6=45996/10766=4 rem 2932

2932x5383=15782956/10766=1466 rem 0

The dal bar of Saturn is

23

10

49

4

1466

this completes the dal bar of wrathful planets.

Now comes the calculation rkang zin of the peaceful planets.

(note: fro wrathful we have to make dal bar but for peaceful we have
to make rkang zin)

MERCURY in our example the figure is 7973

7973x27=215271/8797= 24 rem 4143

4143X 60=248580/8797=28 rem 2264

2264x60=135840/8797=15 rem 3885

3885x6=23310/8797=2 rem 5716

5716x8797=4281284/8797=5716 This is alwqays no remainder

we should always find 0 at the ned of the calculation as this will
somehwat demonstrate tehat the calculation is correct.

therefore the rkang ‘zin of mercury is

24

28

15

2

5716

the calculation of the dal bar of venus

take the quotient of venus ie in this example 268

268x27=7236/2247=3 rem 495

495x60=29700/2247=13 rem 489

489x60=29340/2247=13 rem 129

129x6=774/2247=0 rem 774

774x749=579726/2247=258 rem 0

result for dal bar of venus is

3

13

13

0

258

=============

Calcualtion of zhi dal drag rkang of all planets

this will be calculated from the sun long ie 6547396

also called the nyi bar of solar day

6547396x27=176779692/6714405=26 rem 2205162

2205162x60=132309720/6714405=19 rem 4736025

4736025x60=284161500/6714405=42 rem 2156490

2156490x6=12938940/6714405=1 rem 6224535

6224535x149209=928756642815/6714405=138323 rem 0

thus the nyi bar of solar day (nyin zhag nyi bar) is

26

19

42

1

138323

*

now that we have these tables we can make the calcualtion of dal dag

the wrathful palnet dal dag

Mars

before making the dal dag we first need the dal bar which from the
table is

and place them into two columns

then subtract the birth sign of mars from table ie 9-30

23-9 =14 23

37-30=7 37

12 12

1 1

203 203

if th resuolt is more than 13-30 then it is called dor which you have to add later; if not then ma dor which you have to subtract.

in our example it is

14

7

so we have to subtract 13-30

thus

14-13=1=broken down to 60 mins? leaving 0 so we add

7+60=67-30=37

thus result is

0

37

then take the rest with that

thus

0

37

12

1

203

after this multiply the constellaiton by 60

0x60=0 then add the hours

0+37=37 then divide by 135 = 0 rem 37

then keep a record of the quotient separately ie. 0 and refer to the
table of mars (to be done. p.70) where 0 is the rkang ‘zin - the rkang
sdom is 0 and the rkang bzung is 25. Now put the rkang sdom in a
separate place and write sgna rkang (to add) After that multiply
the rkang bzung to the rest.

37x25=925

12x25=300

1x25=25

203x25=5075

then divide by

135

60

6

229

remember in division to alwasy go from bottom to top

37x25=925+5=930/135=6 rem 120

12x25=300+7=307/60=5 rem 7

1x25=25+22=47/6=7 rem 5

203x25=5075/229=22 rem 37

now returning to the figure (ie 0)put aside place the result underlined above under it

dal rkang =

0 (rkang sdom)

6 (yang gyur chu tsod)

the remainder of 120 is multiplied by 60

120x60=7200+7(from rem)=7207/135=53 rem 52

then take the quoaitnet and place it under as followis

dal rkang =

0 (rkang sdom)

6 (yang gyur chu tsod)

53 (yang gyur srang)

then take the 52 remainder multiply by 6

52X6=312+5(ie from rem)=317/135= 2 rem 47

then

dal rkang =

0 (rkang sdom)

6 (yang gyur chu tsod)

53 (yang gyur srang)

2 (dbugs)

thenthe remainder agsain 47x229=10763+37 (past remainder)=10800/135=80 rem 0

now this is the dal rkang of mars finally result is

dal rkang =

0 (rkang sdom)

6 (yang gyur chu tsod)

53 (yang gyur srang)

2 (dbugs)

80 (cha shas)

so now we have to add rkang sdom plus chu tsod so

dal rkang =

0+6=6 (rkang sdom)+(yang gyur chu tsod) Note:

53 (yang gyur srang)

2 (dbugs)

80 (cha shas)

Note: the 0 and 6 ar added becuase it is snga rkang in our example,
for this snga rkang only add the forst two. However if it was chi
rkang then it would have to be subtracted. BUT in chi rknag subtraction
ALL are subtracted. for example only

[[dal rkang=

5

2

20

3

200

then if it was chi rknag then would be

5-2=3 so it becomes 2 and 60 with the 60 placed below and the next
number subt form it

60-20=40 and so becomes 39 and 6 so

6-3=3 and so becomes 2 and 229

229-200=29 so final result is

2

39

2

29 }}}}} finsh example of this variation]]]]]]

so to continue we find the dal dag by taking the second column of figures and add dal rkang just finsihed above

23

37+6=43

12+53=65

1+2=3

203+80=283

so now divide form below upwards

23

37+6=43+1=44/60=0 rem 44

12+53=65+0=65/60=1 rem 5

1+2=3+1=4/6=0 rem 4

203+80=283/229=1 rem 54

this is called dal dag of mars

thus

23

44

5

4

54

the same process is used for the resto f the wrathful planets ie, sat
and jupiter, but they have different cha shas and ‘khor lo which is given
in the table below. Also birth signs are different and are abtained
from tables above.

these tables and those above are clooectively used in many astro texts of phugs lugs and could be somewhat likened to the Cassini tables of medieval European astronomy.

===========

For peaceful planets a different method is employed- whilst for wrathful
planets we start with the dal bar of each planet for he peaceful we start
with the nyi bar of solar day, also called zhi dal drag rkang

FOR MERCURY=>

Take the already calculated nyi bar of solar day. In this confusion should not need to arise because of the names ahving different expressions.

nyi bar of solar day placed inot 2 columns

26 26

19 19

42 42

1 1

138323 138323

then subtract the birth sign figures of mercury from table which is

16

30

thus

26

19 ie 26:19 minus 16:30 =9:49

42

1

138323

thus

9

49

42

1

138323

next subtract 13:30

so in our example we cannot so its ma dor so we need to subtract later
on.

now we are giong to calcualte dal rkang, so to do this we

9x60=540+49=589/135=4 rem 49 []

formt his we have to look at the table on pg 70 using the quotient
as our key figure which in our case is 4. Then the rkang sdom is
17 the rkang bzung is 7. {note the diagonaly reference note well
above]

next multiply by rkanh bzung all the remaining numbers

49x7=343

42x7=294

1x7=7

138323x7=968261

then divide by 8797 (cha shas of mercury above in table) from bottom
to top.

then 6 then 60 then 135

49x7=343+4=347/135= 2 rem 77

42x7=294+2=296/60=4 rem 56

1x7=7+6=13/6=2 rem 1

138323x7=968261/144755(cha shas of nyi ma)=6 rem 99731 so up

correct till here now

dal rkang of mercury is 17

17 (rkang sdom)

then the result of above calc

2 (yang rgyu chu tsod)

the rem 77x60=4620+56(mins)=4676/135=34 rem 86

now take the 34 from the above line thus

34 (yang rgyu srang)

then take the 103 from above

86X6=516+1(above higher)=517/135=3 rem 112

3 (dbugs)

now 112 (rem)x149209 (whihc is the cha shas of nyi ma)=16711408+99731=16811139/135=
124526 rem 129

[answer still has remaider so it seems something is wrong in this calculation, but it is written in the text that its ok to have a remainder which becomes called the cha shas of 135.]

thus so far result of mercury dal rkang is

17

2

34

3

124526

but since we had chi rkang previously, accroding to the rule we must
subtract it

17-2=15 = 14 and 60 chu srang

next 60-34=26 = 25 and 6 dbugs

6-3=3=2 and 149209 (which is chas shas of nyi ma)

149209-124526=24683

so now we have final result of dal rkang for mercury

14

25

2

24683

now we are going ot make the dal bar of mercury (nyi bar of soalr day) then subtract or add with dal rkang . [note: we are subtracting rather than adding because of the rule of above and below 13-30 ie half consteallation.

nyi bar of solar day=

26

19

42

1

138323

minus dal rkang of merc

14

25

2

24683

thus

26

19-14=5

42-25=17 (16 plus 6)carry down

1-2= can’t do so break down previous line 6+1=7-2=5

138323-24683=113640

so now our dal dag of mercury is

26

5

16

5

113640

===========

Now we have to prepare the myur dag for the wrathful and peaceful planets.
From the myur dag we can find the planets positions.

In this process we first have to equalise (chas shas shed snyon) the ‘chas shas of dal dag’ of each peaceful planet and the chas shas of rkang ‘zin of wrathful. So we will now take the example of Mars.

rkang ‘zin of mars is (nyi of solar day)(previously calculated). this is due to the fact that the nyi bar of solar day is the rknag ‘zin of wrathfuyl and as well the dal bar of peaceful. This is whay it can also be called the zhi dal drag rkang. (zhi dal means dal bar of peaceful) (drag rkang means rknag ‘zin of wrathful)

nyi bar of solar day (zhi dal drag rkang)

26

19

42

1

138323

then the cha shas of mars from the table is 229

thus

138323x229=31675967

which is then dividied by 149209 which is the chas shas of the sun
in the case of all planets wrathful and peaceful the chas shas of sun is
used to equalise

thus

31675967/149209= the quotient will become the equalised chas shas of
the planet and the remainde the equalised chas shas of the sun

thus

31675967/149209=212 rem 43659 in which 212 becomes chas shas of 229
and 43659 becomes chas shas of 149209.

thus we have the equalised rkang ‘zin of mars

26

19

42

1

212

rem 43659

so now that we done the equalisation we can make the myur dag of mars by taking the dal dag of mars and place into two columns then subtract it from the equalised rknag ‘zin of mars from one of the columns.

23 23

44 44

5 5

4 4

54 54

so now minus one column fron the equalised rkang ‘zin of mars

26-23=3 (becomes 2 and 60)

19+60=79-44=35

42-5=37 (becomes 36 and 6)

1+6=7-4=3

212-54=158

rem 43659

the result is

2

35

36

3

158

43659

Note: so now we subtract 13:30 which cannot be done so it is ma dor means remember to add later. If the constella tion could be subtracted it is subtraceted at this point.

then we refer to the table of myur rkang of mars table on p.71.

from the table the 2 in our example becomes

the rkang sdom is 47

the rkang bzung is 23

therefore the 2 can be scrapped and becomes

35

36

3

158

43659

so next multiply the remaining figures by the rkang bzung which is 23 and then collect into appropriate units by dividing by the approapriate figure. remember to dvide from bottom to top

35x23=805+14=819/60=13 rem 39

36x23=828+14=842/60=14 rem 2

3x23=69+15=84/6=14 rem 0

158x23=3634+6=3640/229=15 rem 205

43659x23=1004157/149209=6 rem 108903

so we place the final figure of above calulation ie 13 below the rkang sdom as below to make the myur rkang

myur rkang

47 (rkang sdom)

13 (yang rgyu’ chu tsod)

now the remanider from the 13 is 39 which is multiplied by 60

thus

39X60=2340+2( from above calc)=2342/60=39 rem 2

myur rkang

47 (rkang sdom)

13 (yang rgyu’ chu tsod)

39 (yang rgyu’ srang)

now remainder again

2x6=12+0(from up)=12/60=0 rem 12

myur rkang

47 (rkang sdom)

13 (yang rgyu’ chu tsod)

39 (yang rgyu’ srang)

0 (dbugs)

now rem again

12X229=2748+205=2953/60=49 rem 13

note for myur dag alwayas use /60 rather than /135

myur rkang

47 (rkang sdom)

13 (yang rgyu’ chu tsod)

39 (yang rgyu’ srang)

0 (dbugs)

49 (chas shas of 229)

so agian atek rem whichi is 13

13x149209=1939717+108903=2048620/60=34143 rem 40

therfore

myur rkang

47 (rkang sdom)

13 (yang rgyu’ chu tsod)

39 (yang rgyu’ srang)

0 (dbugs)

49 (chas shas of 229)

34143 (chas of 149209)

now we have to add rkang sdom and chu tsod which is 47 plus 13 = 60/60=1 rem 0

now we write the myur rkang

1 (constellation)

0 (yang rgyu’ chu tsod)

39 (yang rgyu’ srang)

0 (dbugs)

49 (chas shas of 229)

34143 (chas of 149209)

now take the second column of dal dag at the beginning and add the myur rkang above to it]

dal dag myur rkang equals

23 1 24

44 0 44

5 39 44

4 0 4

54 49 103

34143 34143

so this finally the myur dag which the position of mars

24

44

44

4

103

34143

to translate mars is in the 24th constellation at 44 rgyu rkang and
the 44th etc. usually only to the hour is enough.

in terms of zodiac position this is somewhere in the last degree of
aquarius {at 45 it enters pisces. }

===========

for the peaceful planet equalisation the example follows,

first take dal dag of mercury

26

5

16

5

113640

and chas shas of mercury which form the table is 8797

thus

26

5

16

5

113640

113640x8797=999691080

which is then dividied by 149209 which is the chas shas of the sun in
the case of all planets wrathful and peaceful the chas shas of sun is used
to equalise

thus

999691080/149209=6699 rem139989

so the equalised chas shas of mercury is

26

5

16

5

6699

rem 139989

Calculation of myur dag of Mercury

Take the rkang ‘zin of the mercury and substract the dal dag from it.

24-26=25

28-5=23( which becomes 22 and 60)

15+60=75-16=59(58 and 6)

2+6=8-5=3(2 and 8797)

5715+8797=14512-6699 =7813

149209 -139989=135220

After that ,we have to look whether the remainder number is below or
above 13 30.

25-13=12(11 and 60)

22+60=82-30=52

58

2

7813

135220

Thus,

11

52

58

2

7813

135220

Then, we have to look the table of myur rkang of mercury of the remaining
number which our example is 11. The rkang sdom is 82 and rkang bzung
is 20 then scrappe the number 11.

we have

52

58

2

7813

135220

Thus, multiply all the remaining number by the rkang bzung which is 20

52x20=

58x20=

2x20=

7813x20=

135220x20=

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================

EXAMPLE FOR DACEN CALCUALTION

for 8th day 3rd month, 1994.

1. zla dag = 86

take the zla dag and add 10 (the constant used as it was the remainng
number of the previous rabjung ie that at the start of this one)

=> 86+10=96

then divide this by 230 (the 230 comes from the cycle of dachen- see
later)

=>96/230=0 rem 96 then multiply by the remainder number by 30 ( due
to days in month.

96x30=2880

Then add 8 because it is the 8th day .

Note:

Even if there is a quotient do not multiply by 30.

2880+8=2888

Make it into 5 rows, then multiply by the constant numbers, 0,0,14,0,12
for current rabjung.

2888x0=0

2888x0=0

2888x14=40432

2888x0=0

2888x12=34656

Then divide by 23, 6, 60, 60, 27 bottom to top

0+11=11/27=0 rem 11

0+678=678/60=11 rem 18

40432+251=40683/60=678 rem 3

0+1506=1506/6=251 rem 0

34656/23=1506 rem 18

So the rza ba of dachen is

11

18

3

0

18

Now we fnd the dachen gdong (head of the dachen)

It is easy take a full 27 constellation and minus the rza ba.

27-11=16=15 and 60

60+0=60-18=42=41 and 60

60+0=60-3=57=56 and 6

6+0=6-0=6=5 and 23(cha shas of dachen)

23=0=23-18=5

So the dachen gdong skar i.e Rahu( ) position in
constellation is

15

41

56

5

5

Tail(dachen) mjug

it is easy just add or substract 13:30 to gdong.

15-13=2

41-30=11

56 56

5 5

5 5

Tail is at

2

11
i.e 41 hours 56 minutes of 15 th constellation same as libra.

56

5

5 Late Aries.

Now we have the positon of all the nine planets for the day- as in almanac
which is like a “sun rise ephemeris” or nam lang yoes- the hour of the
rabbit i.e 5-6 a.m.

These positon are not further adjested except for the moon.

Asc is calculated on two hours basis on direction from sun sign.

Note:

Used to be 2 hours table but now prof. Dagthon uses a more refined
table.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

1) Thobnor-quotient (it is a number of a thob skel which was divided

2) Zla dag-

3) gZa dru-It is a root of the weekday from which weekday are formed.

4) Nyi dru-It is a root of the sun from which one can find the positon of the sun.

5) gZa bar-

6) Nyi bar- the postion of the constellaton on solar day may change or not change which means uncertain. And so called bar ba lit means middle. It is also a drag rkang zhi dal in the five planets calculation.

7) Ril cha-It has two rows, the above one is rilbu which means full and it is a number of the zla rkang . Whereas the below one is a partial of it.

8) gZa phyed dag-after adding or substracting the zla rkang to the gza bar and not yet add or substract by the nyi rkang to make a weekday. It is called as half weekday which is not exact weekday.

9) nyi dag-From this, one can know where the sun is in which sign. It is in Aries or Taurus etc.

10) gza dag-It is a one of the five inclusive calendare feartures and show the weekday and its hours, minutes, second etc.

11) nyi rkang-It is considered because of the sun’s movement towards constellations.

12) zla rkang-It also considered becaused of the moon’s movement towards the constellation.

13) rkang sdom-It is a total hours of the foot of the planet or weekday which had completed or yet to complete.

14) rkang ‘zin-

15) rkang bzung-

16) Dachen rtsa ba-The self movement of dra chen is always revolve from right which is from namdu and the remaining of the constellation and the nges pa of dachen is called dachen rtsa ba.

17) Dachen gdong-In general, the menaing of the head of dachen and the root of dachen are same but

18) Dachen mjug-the movment of ketu is called dachen mjug. It is just a tha snyad.

19) spyi zhag-It is a general day of all the five planets and the sun.

20) sGos zhag-It is not a genral day of the planet and it is a private day of each planet.

21) dal rkang-It is a source of dal dag.

22) Myur rkang-It is a source of myur dag.

23) Drag rknag zhi dal-It is also called the nyi bar of the particular date.

24) Drag gza gsum gyi rkang zin-The rkang zin of the three wrathful planets i.e. Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

25) Zhi gza gnyis ki dal bar-The dal bar of both peaceful planets i.e Mercury and venus.

26) Zhi rkang drag dal-It is a short form of the rkang zin of two peaceful planets and dal bar of three wrath ful palnets.

27) Dal dag-It shows the self movement.

28) Myur dag-movement with the sun. From the mhyur dag, we could find the position of the five planets.

29) gza lnga-the five planets-Mars, jupiter, saturn, mercury and venus.

30)-lnga bsdus-The five inclusive calendar features-gZa, tshes, skar, sbyor and byed pa.

gZa-the weekday

tshes-at the time of date-ga, zang, rgya, tong and zog

skar-moon constellation

sbyor-it comes from the sun and moon

byed pa-it is the earlier and later of byed pa

31) yang gyu’ chu tsod- When calculating rkang longs, it is a quotient of the 135 hours and its remaining.

32) 135 - It is a number of constelation hours of one sign

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